joint arthrosis

joint damage at different stages of development of arthrosis

Arthrosis (osteoarthritis) of the joints is a pathological dystrophic process in which different layers and tissues are slowly destroyed. Each person must clearly understand how osteoarthritis is treated, as neither adults, children, nor the elderly are insured against the disease. If the development of arthrosis is suspected, what it is and how to overcome the different types, it is necessary to know in depth.

Depending on the location of the pathological process and the severity of the damage, various types of diseases are distinguished in medicine, on which the treatment of arthrosis also depends. Of course, the person who first found this diagnosis should strive to learn as much as possible about what osteoarthritis is. Consider the most diagnosed variants of the disease.


The pathology can be of the following types:

  • Osteoarthritis, which is typical, affects all segments of the population and is a very common disease. It is diagnosed at the age of 40 to 60 years. Ankle and foot osteoarthritis is quite common.
  • Patellofemoral arthrosis appears under the patella. The causes of this type of arthrosis lie in the defeat of the patellofemoral joint.
  • Hemarthrosis is bleeding into a cavity. It is often arthrosis of the lower extremities that affects the knee.
  • Polyarthrosis is a group of dystrophic lesions and is mainly diagnosed in older people. This species is considered an independent disease. Therapy should be selected by the treating physician, taking into account the patient's individual characteristics.
  • A rheumatic type of pathology or rheumatoid arthrosis occurs due to inadequate metabolism.
  • osteoarthritis

    It is better to treat 1st degree osteoarthritis and 2nd degree osteoarthritis. Initially, there is a decrease in the elasticity of the superficial layers of the cartilage, accompanied by its softening and loosening. With the course of the pathological process, the condition worsens, and the surface becomes very thin, splits into fibers, which leads to the appearance of fissures.

    Pathological changes in the surface of the joint in osteoarthritis

    When grade 3 arthrosis is diagnosed, the patient already has an erosive cartilage lesion with sufficiently deep fissures, but the subchondral bone and the deep sections are not damaged.

    When diagnosed with osteoarthritis, treatment will be with medication. It is based on taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (within 10 days of the course). The treatment of arthrosis in the second stage may require the indication of hormonal drugs, which are injected into the injured joint. It is also possible to treat with traditional medicine compresses and prescriptions, but only in combination with medicines. Only a doctor will be able to give more details on how to treat osteoarthritis, and he should be informed of the decision to combine traditional and traditional medicine.


    If a patient has been diagnosed with patellofemoral arthrosis of the knee joint, it is important to know how to treat it and what happens at each stage of the pathological process.

    With 1 degree of osteoarthritis, they talk about daily fatigue or situations where the legs are overworked or overworked. However, in the presence of unpleasant symptoms (pain, fatigue, heaviness in the knee) or after an injury, a second degree of arthrosis is diagnosed. If you don't know how to treat it, or do it out of time, cartilage tissue dystrophy will start.

    Patellofemoral arthrosis does not have its own therapeutic regimen. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, doctors decide on the need for fixation with a knee brace or orthosis, and osteoarthritis can also be treated by reducing physical exertion and taking pain relievers.

    Once you know what osteoarthritis is and how to manage it, you can start taking your medications at the right time, which will allow you to maintain joint mobility and overall health.


    A feature of this type of joint injury, such as hemarthrosis, is the shedding of blood into your joint cavity. This condition is most often diagnosed in people who are prone to hemophilia. During the 1st degree of arthrosis, there are practically no visible and felt changes, and the structures and tissues of the joint are not damaged. In the 2nd degree of arthrosis, the soft tissues are damaged (menisci and ligaments, joint capsule).

    The procedure for pumping blood from the joint cavity with hemarthrosis

    Hemarthrosis is treated with drugs in several stages:

  • Firstly, the cleaning of the articular cavity of the leaked blood is carried out by means of a puncture;
  • Then nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are injected into the joint;
  • And, to conclude, they prescribe a course of taking synthetic agents that contribute to joint restoration.
  • The therapeutic regimen directly depends on the severity of the symptoms of arthrosis and the extent of detection of the disease.


    Before talking about treatment methods, you should find out what are the characteristic signs of osteoarthritis in this species.

    Polyarthrosis is characterized by:

    • multiple injuries to different joints;
    • limitation of physical activity;
    • pain when moving the fingers;
    • swelling of damaged joints;
    • the appearance of nodules in the thickening of bones;
    • narrowing of the joint gap.

    Polyarthrosis is dangerous because it immediately affects multiple joints, so it requires the right treatment approach and selection of the right medications.

    Now, in detail on how to treat arthrosis of this type. First, the therapy aims to restore physical activity. When talking about how to cure arthrosis with the help of medication, it is necessary to remember the physical procedures, which are highly effective in this injury. It can be seen here as a cure with heat or water. Balneotherapy too.

    If the patient has arthrosis of the joints, the doctor will definitely prescribe the ingestion of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Intra-articular injections of glucocorticoids and chondroprotectors also help. Relieves pain and discomfort, various ointments, compresses, friction.

    It is not prohibited to select a drug for arthrosis in traditional medicine prescriptions, but it must be combined with the treating physician, which will avoid complications. If the methods described are not effective, the doctor will consider solving the problem through surgery.

    It is very important not only to know how to treat arthrosis, but also not to forget that there is a correct prevention of arthrosis, which we will talk about later.


    Osteoarthrosis, hemarthrosis, polyarthrosis and patellofemoral arthrosis occur in three stages. The symptoms and treatment of arthrosis in each clinical case will be different, so there is no universal therapeutic regimen.

    There are 3 degrees of pathology:

    • 1 degree of arthrosis - characterized by gap narrowing and absence of osteophytes;
    • 2 degree of arthrosis - a slight narrowing of the gap is accompanied by the formation of osteophytes;
    • 3 degrees of arthrosis - significant joint space narrowing, multiple osteophytes and bone deformity.

    At each stage, the treatment of arthrosis must be carried out by a qualified specialist, otherwise the therapy may not give the necessary results and the process will get worse.

    folk remedies

    As for folk remedies for the treatment of the disease, here you will find many valuable, easy to apply and effective recipes. Let's consider some of them.

    Fermented dairy products and chalk

    To cook, you need to find the peeled chalk and break it into small crumbs. The ideal option would be material written on whiteboards. Also note that if you buy chalk offered at a building supply store, it may contain chemical components that can cause further damage.

    The resulting mass should be poured with any fermented dairy product and thoroughly mixed until a homogeneous mass is obtained. What you've done should be placed carefully on the affected area, wrapped in plastic wrap, and fixed with a bandage. Leave the mixture overnight and in the morning wash it off with warm, soapy water. As a result, the pain goes away and blood circulation improves.


    A very economical and simple but effective recipe. You need to take 100 grams of oatmeal and pour boiling water over them. Then place the dough on a small fire and cook for five minutes. After time, a gruel is obtained, which is applied to the wound. It is advisable to leave the compress overnight. Note that oats should only be used freshly prepared.

    fern leaves

    If there is such a plant at home, then you can donate some leaves for your health. Otherwise, in summer they are collected in the forest, applied to the affected area, wrapped in a bandage and left overnight. The effect will not be long in coming.


    Bee products are known in folk medicine for their good medicinal properties against many diseases. You need to take the propolis and melt it in a bain-marie (it should be enough to treat the damaged area). When it becomes liquid, it is necessary to add corn or sunflower oil, wait for the mixture to cool, apply it to the skin and leave it overnight. In the morning, the pain and swelling will go away.


    If you set a goal and try to find a drug to prevent osteoarthritis, the attempt will not be successful since it is absent. The pathology cannot be accurately predicted, but it is perfectly possible to reduce the risk of osteoarthritis.

    To prevent joint destruction, you can:

  • Avoid injuries and mechanical damage of varying severity as much as possible;
  • Try to treat all joint ailments in time;
  • Treat all infectious and viral diseases;
  • Don't overload your joints;
  • To live an active lifestyle;
  • Eat right;
  • Exercise every day.
  • Now you know all about the symptoms and treatment of osteoarthritis of the most common types, and if you follow these simple recommendations, the disease won't make itself felt for long and, with luck, it will never manifest at all.